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Exploring the Indian Auto Component Industry


In the vast expanse of India’s industrial landscape, few sectors wield as much influence and significance as the auto component industry. From powering the wheels of mobility to driving economic growth, this sector serves as a linchpin in the nation’s journey towards progress and development. In this comprehensive analysis, we delve deep into the intricacies of the Indian auto component industry, examining its dynamics, challenges, and prospects for the future.

Setting the Stage: An Overview

The Indian auto component industry stands as a cornerstone of the country’s manufacturing prowess, contributing significantly to both domestic sales and exports. In the fiscal year 2020-21, the industry recorded sales amounting to approximately Rs 3,40,733 crores (USD 45.9 billion), with exports reaching around Rs 98,673 crore (USD 13.3 billion). However, these figures marked a decline from the previous fiscal year, largely attributed to the disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Understanding the Landscape: Fragmentation and Diversity

At its core, the Indian auto ancillary industry is characterized by its fragmented nature, comprising a diverse array of manufacturers, suppliers, and exporters. While the organized sector dominates the landscape, contributing 75%-80% of domestic sales and primarily catering to OEMs, the unorganized sector plays a crucial role in fulfilling replacement demands and supplying lower value-added products.

Navigating Challenges: Cyclical Demands and Intense Competition

Despite its pivotal role in the automotive ecosystem, the auto component industry in India faces a myriad of challenges. Chief among these is the cyclical nature of demand, which exposes component suppliers to fluctuations in the end-user auto industry. Moreover, intense competition, particularly from unorganized players, further exacerbates the competitive landscape, constraining the bargaining power of smaller ancillary companies.

Seizing Opportunities: Trends and Transformations

Amidst the challenges lie opportunities for growth and innovation within the Indian auto component industry. Over the past decade, a notable trend has emerged wherein domestic companies have pursued acquisitions abroad, aiming to gain access to new markets, technology, and global clientele. These strategic moves, while promising, also pose assimilation risks and impact the balance sheets of acquiring companies.

Export Dynamics: Unlocking Global Markets

While India’s share in global auto component trade remains below 2%, the country has witnessed a steady uptick in exports over the years. Initiatives like the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme are expected to further bolster export prospects by incentivizing investment in cutting-edge technologies. Moreover, the implementation of regulatory norms and advancements in manufacturing capabilities are poised to enhance India’s competitiveness in the global market.

A Closer Look: Rating Methodology

CARE Ratings, a leading credit rating agency, employs a meticulous methodology to assess the credit quality of auto ancillary companies. From evaluating promoters’ and management’s risk to analyzing business operations and financial indicators, CARE Ratings leaves no stone unturned in its assessment. By considering factors such as the scale of operations, technology intensiveness, and diversification strategies, CARE Ratings provides valuable insights into the industry’s creditworthiness.

Charting the Course Ahead: Strategies for Success

In navigating the road ahead, auto component companies in India must adopt robust strategies that address both challenges and opportunities. Embracing innovation, forging strategic partnerships, and investing in research and development are critical steps towards ensuring long-term sustainability and growth. Moreover, fostering a culture of adaptability and resilience will enable companies to thrive amidst uncertainties and disruptions in the marketplace.

Source: CareEdge.


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Mayank Sharma

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